Located in central Mexico
Oaxaca an Artisan Tradition in Mexico for Resort Handbags
Oaxaca, estado (state), southern Mexico. It is bounded by the states of Puebla and Veracruz to the north and Chiapas to the east, by the Pacific Ocean to the south, and by the state of Guerrero to the west. The city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca de Juárez) is the state capital.
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The pronunciation in the US HAH-kah. It is one of the 32 states which compose the Federative Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 570 municipalities, of which 418 (almost three quarters) are governed by the system of usos y costumbres (customs and traditions) with recognized local forms of self-governance. Its capital city is Oaxaca de Juárez./ wah-
Tourism is very important
Tourism is important to the state as it is the only sector that is growing and brings substantial income from outside the state. In 2007, there were 1,927 small grocery stores, 70 tianguis and 167 municipal markets. Tourism accounts for about 30% of the commerce sector of Oaxaca’s economy. The state attracts visitors from Mexico and abroad. The state government has been pushing this sector heavily as a means of growing the economy. They have invested in major infrastructure projects such as the Oaxaca-Puerto Escondido-Huatulco highway and the Iberdrola hydroelectric dam.
In 2000, there were 612 hotels with 15,368 rooms. Thirteen of these were classed as five stars. The state received 1,564,936 visitors that year, over 80% of whom were from Mexico. The Central Valleys region receives the most visitors (60%), followed by the La Mixteca and Papaloapan regions (29%) and the coast (11%), in spite of the fact that only 7% of the state’s attractions are in the Oaxaca city area. One reason for this is that the city of Oaxaca is only four and a half hours away from Mexico City. There are plenty of resources to make Oaxaca an Artisan Tradition in Mexico for Resort Handbags
Most tourist attractions are located in the city of Oaxaca and the Central Valley. This area is the cultural, geographical and political center of the state, filled with pre-Hispanic ruins, Baroque churches and monasteries, indigenous markets and villages devoted to various crafts. The capital city, along with nearby Monte Albán together are listed as a World Heritage Site.
Many of the attractions in the city proper are located between the main square or Zocalo and along Andador Macedonio Alcalà Street. These include the Cathedral, the Basilica of Nuestra Señora de la Soledad, Museum of Contemporary Art(MACO), Rufino Tamayo Museum and the Mercado 20 de Noviembre, known for its food stands.The most important annual festival is the Guelaguetza, also called the Fiesta del Lunes del Cerro which occurs in July.
Another important tourist area is the coast, which has the major resort of Huatulco and sandy beaches of Puerto Escondido, Puerto Ángel, Zipolite, Bahia de Tembo, and Mazunte. Oaxaca is also one of the most biologically diverse states in Mexico. It ranks in the top three, along with Chiapas and Veracruz, for numbers of reptiles, amphibians, mammals and plants.
Handcrafts that are world-class
Because of its indigenous tradition and abundance of raw materials, Oaxaca is a leading producer of handcrafts and making Oaxaca an Artisan Tradition in Mexico. Handcrafted items here are noted for their variety and quality. Oaxacan handcrafts are traditionally made with wood, wool, clay and leather. These are sold in many venues from local tianguis markets to upscale international stores.
The best-known wood craft is the making of “alebrije” figures, which are usually miniature, brightly colored real or imaginary animals. These were originally created from paper and cardboard in Mexico City, but this craft was adapted to native Oaxacan woodcarving to the form it has today. Carver Manuel Jiménez of Arrazola is credited with the creating of the Oaxacan version of this craft. Other wood crafts include the making of masks, toys and utensils. Major woodcarving areas include San Martín Tilcajete and Arrazola.
Pottery has a long tradition that extends into the pre-Hispanic period. Oaxaca shares many pottery types with other parts of Mexico along with two of its own: barro negro and the green glazed pottery of Atzompa. The first is centered in the town of San Bartolo Coyotepec near the capital city. This pottery gets its color from the local clay used to make it and its shine from a technique developed by Doña Rosa Nieto in the mid-20th century. The Atompa green-glazed ware is made much the same way it was in colonial times. This pottery is found in Santa María Atzompa, near Oaxaca.
Another major craft category is textiles. Textiles from cotton and other fibers date to early in the pre-Hispanic period on backstrap looms. This form of weaving
has been dominated by women since that time. The Spanish introduced the wide European frame loom, which is mostly used by men. Traditional clothing items such as huipils are still made on backstrap looms, while the European looms are used to produce larger and heavier items such as rugs, sarapes and blankets, notably in the village of Teotitlán del Valle.
Other items are produced with cotton fibers, although some maguey fibers can be found, while palm fronds are used to produce mats and hats. Embroidery is an important part of indigenous clothing. One municipality noted for its indigenous and embroidered clothing is Santo Tomás Jalietza, just south of the city of Oaxaca. The Xochimilco neighborhood of the capital is known for its embroidered tablecloths, napkins and other tableware.
Both precious and non-precious metals are worked in the state. Many gold and silver jewelry items are made with filigree (fine metal thread) which is weaved and wrapped into shapes. This technique is Arab in origin and was introduced by the Spanish. The municipalities of Santo Domingo Tehuantepec, Juchitán de Zaragoza and Huajuapan de León are known for this work. Other metals are forged into utilitarian and decorative items in places such as Santiago Jamiltepec and Tlacolula de Matamoros. Items produced include mirrors, frames, figures, knives, machetes and more. Explore all the wonders that makes Oaxaca an Artisan Tradition in Mexico for Resort Handbags.
Geography worth the effort to explore
The state is located in the south of Mexico, bordered by the states of Puebla, Veracruz, Chiapas and Guerrero with the Pacific Ocean to the south. It has a territory of 36,281 square miles, accounting for less than 5% of Mexico’s territory. Here several mountain chains come together, with the elevation varying from sea level to 12,333 feet, averaging at 4,921 feet.
Oaxaca has one of the most rugged terrains in Mexico, with mountain ranges that abruptly fall into the sea. Between these mountains are mostly narrow valleys, canyons and ravines. Major elevations in the state include Zempoaltepetl (11,142 feet), El Espinazo del Diablo, Nindú Naxinda Yucunino, and Cerro Encantado. Oaxaca’s has 331 miles of coastline with nine major bays.
Climates to expect on your travels
There are three principal climate regions in the state. The first is the hot and Subtropical lands. This accounts for about 30% of the state. The next is the semi hot and semi humid regions which account for about 18%, and temperate and semi humid at about 16%. All of these climates experience a rainy season in the summer and early fall. As most of the state is over 6,562 feet, average temperature is about 64.4 °F, except near the coast.
The coastline along with the regions of Yautepec, Putla, parts of Huahuapan and Silacayoapan are hot and relatively dry. Hot and humid climates predominate in Villa Alta, and the Central Valleys area and all others over 6,562 feet above sea level have a temperate climate. A few of the highest peaks, such as those in Tehuantepec and Putla have a cold climate. Precipitation varies from between 16.9 to 106.3 inches per year. The Sierra Mazteca, Textepec and other areas near the Veracruz border have rains year round. The rest of the state receives the majority of its rain during the summer and early fall. The higher elevations can experience freezing temperatures in December and January.